How different soils make for different styles of Chilean carmenere: “Where you stand on carmenere depends on where you sit. Younger soils, alluvial soils, tend to produce simple wines with less complexity of tannins. Wines from ancient mother-rock soils — soils like limestone, schist or granite — are quite different. When the rock is hard, the wines tend to have tight structure, but when the rock breaks up and there is more clay in the soil, the tannic structure gains roundness and the wine is more immediately approachable.” — Marcelo Papa, winemaker for Casillero del Diablo and Marques de Casa Concha, Chile.
Denver is in the center of the Front Range Urban Corridor, between the Rocky Mountains to the west and the High Plains to the east. Denver's topography consists of plains in the city center with hilly areas to the north, west and south. According to the United States Census Bureau the city has a total area of 155 square miles (401 km2), of which 153 square miles (396 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (1.1%) is water. The City and County of Denver is surrounded by only three other counties: Adams County to the north and east, Arapahoe County to the south and east, and Jefferson County to the west.